Social Determinants of Health in Newfoundland & Labrador

What are the social determinants of health?

According to the World Health Organization (WHO, 2023), “the social determinants of health are the non-medical factors that influence health outcomes. They are the conditions in which people are born, grow, work, live, and age, and the wider set of forces and systems shaping the conditions of daily life.”

In fact, research shows that the social determinants of health strongly influence a person’s health; more so than the health care system or lifestyle choices, in some cases (WHO, 2023).

Looking at the data

As an applied health and social systems research and evaluation program aimed at improving social and health outcomes in Newfoundland and Labrador, Quality of Care NL has committed to analyzing available data to help paint an accurate picture of how social determinants are impacting health in the province.

It is Quality of Care NL’s hope that this analysis of the social determinants of health in Newfoundland and Labrador will support the work of the many organizations advocating for change within health and social systems.

The pages below will be updated as new data becomes available.

If you’d like to discuss the data below, or know of other data sources that may be useful, please connect with us at

Image of Canadian money, bills and coins, scattered on a table.

Income is one of the most important social determinants of health. Level of income shapes overall living conditions, affects psychological functioning and influences health-related behaviours. It determines the quality of other social determinants of health, such as food security, housing security and other basic prerequisites of health.

View Data

Image of a small model home on a table next to keys.
Housing Insecurity

Housing insecurity refers to the inability to secure safe, adequate and affordable housing. Inadequate housing conditions have been associated with numerous physical and mental health conditions.

View Data

Image of many fruits and vegetables
Food Insecurity

Food Insecurity is the inadequate or insecure access to nutritious, safe, and culturally appropriate food due to financial constraints. Food insecurity is a serious public health problem as it can have serious health implications for people’s health and well-being beyond just poor nutrition and diet.

View Data